Indica VS Sativa VS Hybrid: What’s The Difference?

Indica Vs Sativa Vs Hybrid:

Heres what you should know:

There are two general types of marijuana, known as sativa and indica. They are both used for a wide variety of therapeutic and personal uses!

Sativas are classified by their “head buzz” which is an energizing and creativity inducing effect that helps to soothe anxiety and stress while increasing ability to focus.

Indicas are known for affecting the whole body, not just head high, allowing an individual to relaxation fully and induce sleep when needed.


People in the weed industry have distanced themselves from using the terms indica and sativa and moved towards simply discussing strain effects based on their level of THC.

  • Type I: high THC
  • Type II: THC/CBD combined
  • Type III: high CBD

This all just means that the category (indica or sativa) may not be the greatest indicator of how a certain chemical variant of the plant will affect you.

What to Know in Order To Know how A Strain Will Affect you

The commonly held belief is that sativas are more stimulating and energising, while indicas are more soothing and peaceful – but this isn’t always the case.

Even within the same variety of cannabis, individual plants have different results. It all relies on the chemical content of the plant and the growth method utilised.

Instead than focusing just on the kind — sativa or indica — consider the grower’s and dispensary’s descriptions.

Plant types are frequently divided into distinct chemovars, or breeds.

Chemovars differ from one another in terms of cannabinoid and terpene concentration. This “cannabinoid profile” will provide the user the most accurate information to assist them figure out which chemovar is ideal for them.

Using names alone does not give the user with the information they require.


Cannabinoids are a group of chemical substances found in cannabis plants.

Many of the harmful and good effects of cannabis usage can be attributed to these naturally occurring components.

Researchers aren’t sure what all of the cannabinoids do, but they’ve discovered two major ones: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), as well as a few lesser-known molecules.These include:

  • • THC. The hallucinogenic chemical THC is the most abundant in cannabis plants. It’s the chemical that causes the “high” or euphoria associated with cannabis consumption. As farmers attempt to generate hybrids with higher THC concentrations, THC levels have been rising.
  • • CBD. CBD has neither sedative or euphoric properties. It does not result in a “high.” It may, however, provide a variety of physiologic advantages, including pain and nausea relief, seizure prevention, and migraine relief.
  • • CBN. Cannabinol (CBN) is a cannabinoid that is used to treat epilepsy, seizures, and uncontrolled muscular stiffness, among other neurological diseases.
  • • THCA. THC is identical to tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA), except it has no psychotropic properties. It has the potential to reduce inflammation associated with arthritis and autoimmune disorders. It may also aid in the reduction of symptoms.
  • • CBG. Cannabigerol (CBG) is thought to help with anxiety and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, PTSD, and depression.


  • While the quantity of THC and CBD in a strain get a lot of attention, emerging research reveals that terpenes may have just as much of an influence.
  • Terpenes are a kind of natural chemical found in the cannabis plant.
  • The presence of terpenes has a direct impact on the plant’s odour. They may also have an impact on the effects that some strains have.
  • Common terpenes, according to Leafly, include:
  • • Bisabolol. Bisabolol, a terpene with chamomile and tea tree oil overtones, is supposed to help decrease inflammation and irritation. It may possibly have antibacterial and pain-relieving properties.
  • • Caryophyllene. The peppery, spicy chemical may aid in the reduction of anxiety, the alleviation of depressive symptoms, and the treatment of ulcers.
  • • Linalool. Linalool’s flowery overtones are claimed to aid in relaxation and mood enhancement.
  • • Myrcene. This earthy, herbal molecule is the most prevalent terpene, and it may help you sleep better by reducing anxiety and insomnia.
  • • Ocimene. This terpene has basil, mango, and parsley flavours. Its main benefits might include relieving congestion and protecting against viruses and germs.
  • • Pinene. This terpene has a strong pine fragrance, as its name indicates. It may help to improve memory, relieve discomfort, and alleviate some of THC’s less-than-pleasant side effects, such as nausea and coordination issues.
  • • Terpinolene. Apples, cumin, and conifers may be smelled in cannabis containing this component. Sedative, antibacterial, and antifungal activities are all possible.
  • • Limonene. This terpene has bright, zesty citrus tones. It’s claimed to lift one’s spirits and relieve tension

Sativa in Depth

  • Origin: Cannabis sativa grows best in hot, dry regions with long days of sunshine. Africa, Central America, Southeast Asia, and parts of Western Asia are among them.
  • Plant description: Sativa plants have finger-like leaves and are tall and slender. They may reach heights of more than 12 feet and take longer to mature than other cannabis varieties.
  • Typical CBD to THC ratio: Sativa tends to have lower CBD levels and greater THC levels.
  • Commonly reported side effects: Sativa is known for producing a “mind high,” or an energetic, anxiety-relieving effect. You may feel active and creative instead of calm and sluggish if you utilise sativa-dominant strains.
  • Daytime or nighttime use: Sativa may be used during the day because of its stimulating effect.
  • Popular strains include: There are three common sativa strains.

Indica in Depth

  • Cannabis indica is a plant that grows wild in Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Turkey. The plants have adapted to the Hindu Kush mountains’ typically harsh, dry, and unstable climate.
  • Plant characteristics: Indica plants are short and stocky, with thick foliage and large, broad leaves. They develop quicker than sativa and generate more buds per plant.
  • Typical CBD to THC ratio: Indica strains have higher CBD levels than sativas, although THC content isn’t always lower.
  • Commonly related side effects of use: Indica is prized for its deeply calming properties. It may also aid in the reduction of nausea and discomfort, as well as the stimulation of appetite.
  • Daytime or evening use: Indica is best eaten at night because to its profound relaxing effects.
  • Popular indica strains: Three of the most popular indica strains

Hybrid in Depth

  • Every year, cannabis farmers create new and distinct strains by combining various parent plants. These cannabis hybrids are frequently cultivated to achieve certain effects.
  • • Origin: Hybrids are often developed from a cross of sativa and indica strains on farms or in greenhouses.
  • • Plant description: The appearance of hybrid strains is determined by the parent plants’ combination.
  • • Common CBD to THC ratio: Many hybrid cannabis plants are bred to boost the THC proportion, but each species has a different CBD to THC ratio.
  • • Commonly connected usage effects: Farmers and producers choose hybrids based on their distinct effects. They can help with everything from anxiety and stress relief to chemotherapy and radiation side effects.
  • • Whether to utilise it during the day or at night is a matter of personal preference..

Ruderalis in Depth

  • Cannabis ruderalis, a third kind of cannabis, also exists. It isn’t commonly utilised, though, because it rarely has any significant effects.
  • • Native to Eastern Europe, India’s Himalayan areas, Siberia, and Russia, Ruderalis plants have adapted to harsh surroundings. These plants grow fast, which is excellent for these locations’ cold, low-light conditions.
  • • Plant description: These little, bushy plants seldom reach a height of more than 12 inches, but they do so quickly. In less than a month, you may go from seed to harvest.
  • • Typical CBD to THC ratio: This strain usually has minimal THC and a lot of CBD, although it might not be enough to get you high.
  • • Commonly related side effects of use: Ruderalis isn’t commonly used for because of its low efficacy.

Possible Side Effects

Cannabis usage is frequently connected with possible advantages, but it can also have unfavourable side effects.

This includes: • a dry mouth • a dry mouth • a dry mouth • a dry mouth •

  • dizziness • anxiety • paranoia • tiredness • rapid heartbeat • low blood pressure

THC, not CBD or other cannabinoids, is responsible for the majority of these effects. Any cannabis product, however, might cause negative side effects.

The way you use it may also raise your chance of negative effects.

Smoking or vaping cannabis, for example, might irritate your lungs and airways. Coughing and respiratory issues may result as a result of this.

Oral cannabis products, such as candies or cookies, are less likely to have an adverse effect on your respiratory health.

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